The Viking village is situated in beautiful nature surroundings on the island of Bukkøy and is accessible on foot with a 10 minute walk from St. Olav’s Church in Norway.
In this settlement is possible to see and experience how the Vikings lived. Every aspect of the day-to-day in a life of the Vikings, from work to celebrations including farming, fishing, handicrafts, commerce, art and culture are on display here. Many buildings typical of Viking times were re-constructed using original techniques and of special interest is the granary and round house from the pre-Christian era. The other buildings are replicas from around 900 AD.
The excavations showed that first came a 67-meter long building in the 500´s, which was rebuilt a couple of times, and by the beginning of the Viking Age, is measuring about 83 meters.
There are several foundation walls in the vicinity that indicates habitation before the chieftain´s hall was raised and after it was demolished. When the work began, some of the subsided turf walls were just visible in the terrain. The excavation uncovered the floor-plan. Traces were found on the outside walls, entrances, partitions, floors, hearths and the internal load-bearing posts. The 83-meter house had been divided into 5 main rooms, as shown in the reconstructed building today:
The living quarters with a central hearth. Outside of the north wall was the median, where many fine finds were made.
The lobby with two entrances – one southern, probably the main entrance, and one northern, out of the midden.
The Great Hall, with a large central hearth. The High Seat was at the northeast corner, where gold-leaf amulets, drinking and tankards were found – the latter two used for great feasts.
The byre, with two southern entrances. The chieftains and his lady kept large flocks and herd; there was surely a staple here, too.
After the excavation the foundation-walls were marked out, to show where the house stood. This is very visible to our visitors today, and is located close to the reconstructed chieftain´s house.
Historically, the Viking era began with the attack on Lindisfarne monastery in AD 793, and she ended with the historical event named Battle of Stamford Bridge in 1066, when the English army successfully repelled the Viking invaders led by King Harald Hardråde.
The Vikings’ adventures led to the development of new areas along the Norwegian coast, westward to Iceland, the Faroe Islands, Shetland, Orkney, Scotland, Ireland and Greenland. They also discovered Vinland, present-day America, long before Columbus.
Before the first millennium, iron were introduced into agriculture and there was a shortage of land to cultivate. In the same period, the King’s power increased and he demanded large taxes from the population. Many emigrated to seek fortune and freedom, and pirating became an alternative source of income.
Effective sailing ships and weapons made the them a feared person amongst contemporary Christian Europeans. However, the image of the Vikings as bloodthirsty, savage plunderers Is not the whole story. The Vikings are also involved in a wealthy merchant trade, not only in Europe but also including the Byzantine Empire and the Baghdad Caliphate.